Start Farming from Scratch
Farming is the act of growing crops and rearing animals for the benefit of man. Farming can either be subsistence(small scale farming for one and his family) or commercial (large scale farming for family consumption and mainly for sale)
The major types of farming practice carried out in India includes:
- Subsistence Farming
- Shifting Agriculture
- Plantation Agriculture
- Intensive Farming
- Dry Agriculture
- Mixed and Multiple Agriculture
- Crop Rotation
- Sedentary Cultivation or Permanent Agriculture
- Terrace Cultivation
Starting a farm is not so easy because it is tedious and time consuming.
You need to think of where you want to farm, why you want to farm and what you want to farm. There are other things that needs to be considered when starting a farm
First Phase : Planning Phase
The first phase that needs to be considered is the planning phase
This involves putting down your business plan and operational strategy on a paper It also involves adding your goal,business goals,objectives ,financial and market objectives. You also need to carry out a SWOT Analysis which involves putting down your strength, weakness, opportunity and Threat. The next step in planning is to make an extensive estimate of the cost of your farm: figure the cost of the land, equipment, and necessary improvements that must be faced before beginning your farm operation.
Look at your financial situation before you get too far down the path you have chosen because farming requires an investment each year to maintain operations because some cost will emerge in the latter future.
Plan on either working off the farm at a day job, or saving enough money to fund your cost of living until you begin to turn a profit on your Farm simply because Farming doesn’t pay you a weekly,or monthly the only time you earn from your farm is when you harvest your crops
Second Phase : Land and Climate
After planning the second phase is the considering the land and climate of your farm
Firstly you need to carry out a reconnaissance survey to know the type of soil and the climatic condition of your farmland. After the reconnaissance survey it’s advisable to carry out soil Analysis. After that try talking to other farmers as well as the owner that is selling the land for information on the kinds of crops and plants that they grew there, when it was seeded, when they were sprayed and when the crop was harvested.This gives you an insight of the kind of crops you can invest in. It is also advisable to plant indigenous plants because they tend to survive on the land rather than exotic plants. You also need to Go to a local agricultural (or county extension) office to get reports on different climatic conditions that have taken place over the years on your new farmland.
This steps may look strict but they need to be followed for good farm yield
Third Phase : Planting Crops
The third phase which is the most important phase of starting a farm involves planting of crops(planting operations)
This phase is divided into subsections which involves:
- Pre Planting Phase(land clearing, stumping, Ploughing, harrowing, ridging and other activities)
- Planting Phase
- Post Planting Phase(farming, weeding, staking, fertilizer and manure application, irrigation e.t c)
- Harvesting Phase
- Post Harvesting Phase( storage and processing)
If all these steps are considered one will always have good yield on Agricultural investment.In next Article we will see How to Start Organic Farming.
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